By Yossef Ben-Meir*
MARRAKECH | 14 October 2023 (IDN) — As Morocco rebuilds in the aftermath of a horrifying earthquake that struck the High Atlas Mountain ranges last month, this article considers the guiding premises for sustainable societies established in the first chapter of the Torah, “In the Beginning.”
This week, in every synagogue on earth, commences again the weekly reading of the five books of Moses, considered divine by the Abrahamic religions: Judaism, Islam, and Christianity. The start of Genesis is poignant at this moment.
It is striking that the most deterministic feature for development to be sustainable—identified over recent generations from cases worldwide—is also explained in the story of creation for the peaceful progress of human affairs. Perhaps not surprisingly, the contemporary and biblical lesson is that consultation and even inclusion in the decision-making of interested and impacted parties is essential for the resilient growth of their communities.
The foundational premise—that consensus leads to sustainability–is found in the description of the sixth day of creation. We may be puzzled by the language in the statement: “Then God said, ‘Let us make mankind…’” (Genesis 1:26). Who is the plural us, creating alongside the Creator? The Millenia-old Midrash (Talmudic biblical interpretation) explains that God brought the administering angels into the discussion for them to participate in the decision and not incite their strife and jealousy toward living people with choice.
Sustainable decisions and development are enabled by information sharing, with the drivers of this dialogue being the ultimate beneficiaries and parties impacted by the outcomes. In addition to the quality of humility being conveyed to people by the all-powerful allowing an “us” into deliberations, its fixation within creation embeds the dynamics and degree of inclusion to inform the quality of our human affairs profoundly.
In Morocco, despite a catastrophic event, we are fortunate to have prior in-place national policies, programs, and charters that encourage people’s participation in planning local development. However, experiences in Morocco and around the world show that even when people are free to voice their priorities, they may not consider themselves free, or they may feel fear and doubt about their own vision to meet their self-described needs.
Rebuilding coincided with psychosocial empowerment
Rebuilding, therefore, needs to be launched or coincided with psychosocial empowerment. These are facilitated sessions for personal exploration that are experienced in group settings where participants honestly consider their emotional well-being, social relationships, outlook of work, and other core areas of life to not only reimagine their senses of selves and of the future but also to strengthen their wills to affirm and pursue the implementation of their goals.
As people of the High Atlas have experienced tragic loss and trauma, they must be availed of methodologies that help people manage harsh emotional pain and continue to envision building a more satisfying future. Like sustainable development, rebuilding integrates this kind of internal individual and
Empowered Rebuilding workshop in the Al Haouz province of Morocco, 9 October 2023. Credit: High Atlas Foundation.
collective journeys to regain strength to carry on and identify priority directions. The Torah did not say it would be easy or as utterly hard as it is.
A second illuminating lesson for rebuilding from “In the Beginning” is in the notorious reactions of Adam, Eve, and Cain when confronted by God for their misdeeds. Adam blamed Eve—and indirectly, God himself—for his decision to eat from the Tree of Knowledge, and Eve blamed the snake. At the same time, Cain dissembled when asked the whereabouts of his brother Abel, whom he murdered, and acted aggravated for even having to explain.
Not one took responsibility for their actions “In the Beginning,” suggesting an intensely formidable human inclination. Embracing responsibility allows us to reframe the events of our lives as a reflection of what is in our minds and hearts, and this contemplation reveals to us corrective possibilities from which we can grow and rebuild.
The Moroccan government is investing heavily in rebuilding the devastated communities. The government has long-established pathways for sustainability driven by local communities, however difficult it is, especially in rural areas, to meet this potential for widespread growth. The dedication of public resources and agencies should be designed to ensure maximum community ownership and outpace any tendency toward not taking responsibility.
Psychosocial empowerment and participatory action ensure the people’s ownership of rebuilding. Implementation of the projects that they set forth is vital. Viable projects in this glorious yet impoverished region are water for irrigation and drinking, terracing the mountains not just to end the calamitous levels of erosion and slides but to plant native almond, cherry, carob, fig, juniper, lemon, oak, olive, pomegranate, and walnut trees, as well as the dozens of wild herbs.
National Initiative for Human Development
“In the Beginning” gives special attention to seeds, sprouts, plants, and trees, and the Midrash explains that the biodiversity of our natural world and its thriving or destruction bears consequences even on an interplanetary level. Thankfully, farming families of Morocco carry the dream and will to grow and harvest the range of endemic plant life from seeds, and rebuilding should champion this intrinsically human desire, an incomparable basis for a resilient society.
A lesson from Morocco’s multi-billion dollar program to implement local projects—called the National Initiative for Human Development—is that its scope is not the full range of the people’s project priorities, with a too complicated application for most rural people to access. Rebuilding funds should support the gamut of project types and accept multiple forms of application presentations, including oral ones so that illiterate people can participate.
Abrahamic civilizations agree on the profound truth of “In the Beginning.” In Morocco, where local populations of the civilizations of Abraham have historically been, they have complete solidarity for the ever-long life of the Kingdom and to ensure the sustainable rebuilding in the quake’s aftermath. Genesis’ Creation suggests that embedded in our best being is inclusion, responsibility, and growing native seeds. It is a beautiful guide in this determining time.
*Dr. Yossef Ben-Meir is President of the High Atlas Foundation and a Visiting Professor at the University of Virginia. [IDN-InDepthNews]
Photo: A view of damage to the minaret of the Kharbouch Mosque in Marrakech‘s Jemaa El Fnaa Square following a powerful earthquake on 9 September. Courtesy Unesco
IDN is the flagship agency of the Non-profit International Press Syndicate.