LONDON  - “Brazil has a great future, and always will,” said Charles de Gaulle, the president of France in the 1960s. In truth it is not difficult to be cynical about Brazil. It is a large land of both great potential and many lost opportunities – and yet whenever I visit it, as I have regularly over 40 years, I find the positive changes are immense.

- Photo: 2020

Huge Sahara Red Dust Cloud Reaches America’s South

By Lisa Vives, Global Information Network

NEW YORK (IDN) –  A brilliant red sky at dusk can be seen in states along the Atlantic but the eye-popping show should be watched with some caveats. Things to consider when it comes to the dust cloud include the size of the particles, the concentration and the composition of the particles.

When it comes to size, approximately 30 per cent of the dust coming from the Sahara is considered to be “fine”. “Typically, the smaller particles can penetrate deeper into the lungs and the health impacts become more [serious],” says Dr. K. Max Zhang from Cornell University’s School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering.

“Particles cause respiratory health effects and irritation and the smaller particles can cause cardiovascular issues and a whole sweep of other health impacts.”

The dust comes from the Sahara Desert in Northern Africa. Each year, hundreds of millions of tons of soil is lifted from the Sahara into the air from late spring to early fall, according to NASA.

Dust from Africa can affect air quality as far away as North and South America if it is mixed down to ground level. But dust can also play an important ecological role, such as, fertilizing soils in the Amazon and building beaches in the Caribbean. The dry, warm, and windy conditions associated with Saharan Air Layer outbreaks from Africa can also suppress the formation and intensification of tropical cyclones.

“While Saharan dust transport across the ocean to the Americas is not uncommon, the size and strength of this particular event is quite unusual,” Colin Seftor, an atmospheric scientist at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center said. “Also, if you look off the coast of Africa you can see yet another large cloud coming off the continent, continuing to feed the long chain of dust traveling across the Atlantic.”

Satellite images from the past few days showed the thick dust as a brown mass moving off the west coast of Africa, crawling across the Atlantic and then drifting over the eastern Caribbean.

A huge cloud of Saharan dust darkened the skies over parts of the Caribbean. On June 21 it reached Puerto Rico and covered Cuba and parts of Mexico.

The Caribbean islands of Guadeloupe and Martinique were suffering their worst haze for at least a decade, and health officials in Cuba warned it could increase respiratory problems.

The dust cloud was also affecting parts of southern Florida, including the city of Miami. [IDN-InDepthNews, 30 June 2020]

Photo: Huge massive red sandstorm. Credit: Strange Sounds

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