A building in Kahramanmaraş, Türkiye, destroyed by the earthquake. Image credit: © UNOCHA/Matteo Minasi - Photo: 2023

Insufficient Progress Made Towards Disaster Risk Reduction

By Radwan Jakeem

NEW YORK, 21 May 2023 (IDN) — A review of progress on implementing the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction has determined that global progress towards disaster risk management has been weak and insufficient, putting at risk the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

The Sendai Framework is a landmark 2015 agreement to reduce damage, losses and deaths from natural and man-made hazards by the end of the decade. Progress was appraised at a meeting of the UN General Assembly on 18 May. During the meeting, they adopted a political declaration which in part calls for improving national mechanisms to share disaster risk data and analysis, including at the regional and international levels.

General Assembly President Csaba Kőrösi described the midterm review as “our last chance before 2030 to collectively change course”, underscoring the critical need for action. 

“Eight years on, we must admit that our progress has not kept pace with the urgency of our days. The known number of people affected by disasters has jumped 80-fold since 2015,” he said.

Managing disaster risk is not an option but a global commitment, UN Deputy Secretary-General Amina Mohammed told the General Assembly.

“Our world is at a defining point in history. As we review our journey halfway to 2030, we must acknowledge that progress has been weak and insufficient,” Ms. Mohammed said.

Countries’ failure to meet climate and sustainable development commitments, has resulted in natural disasters that could have been prevented. As a result, hundreds of thousands of lives have been lost and millions, mainly women, children, and other vulnerable groups, have been uprooted, she said.

The COVID-19 pandemic, the “triple crisis” of climate change, biodiversity loss and pollution, the rising cost of living, skyrocketing inequality and the war in Ukraine have exacerbated the situation.

While scientists warn of cascading and irreversible impacts of global warning, additional threats stem from structural governance omissions within the banking and global financial systems.

“Addressing these challenges means changing our response to risk through systemic thinking, collaborative action, and the smart, agile deployment of responses to prevent, manage and mitigate global risks,” Ms. Mohammed said.

Throwing in a positive note, the head of the UN Office on for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR), Mami Mizutori, noted that it has not been all storm and strife since 2015.

For example, a growing number of governments have established or upgraded national loss accounting systems, and there has been a significant increase in the number of countries with national strategies for disaster risk reduction.

However, progress remains unequal. Furthermore, risks that become disasters continue to disproportionately impact the world’s least developed countries, small island developing States, landlocked developing and African countries, as well as middle-income countries.

“As risks are left unattended, disasters are materializing faster, surpassing our ability to cope, with increasingly dire consequences for people, livelihoods, society and the ecosystems on which we depend,” Ms. Mizutori said.

“The imperative to realise the outcome, goal and targets of the Sendai Framework is more important today than ever before.”

This point was further emphasized by Mustafa Kemal Kılınç from Türkiye, who survived the devastating earthquake in February that killed upwards of 50,000 people.  

The 23-year-old university student was visiting his family in his hometown, Hatay, when the disaster struck, reducing thousands of buildings to rubble and leaving countless people homeless.

“I am here today because our building did not collapse. This is because our contractor had applied high standards to make our building earthquake resistant,” he said.

Mustafa and his family of seven people in total, lived in their car for a week, amid freezing temperatures and heavy rain, before moving to a train wagon. They eventually settled with relatives across the country and returned to Hatay several weeks later. 

“We cannot predict natural disasters. But we can certainly be prepared whenever and wherever they happen,” he said. “I hope that as a result of your work, there will be less disaster victims like myself around the world.” [IDN-InDepthNews]

Photo: A building in Kahramanmaraş, Türkiye, destroyed by the earthquake. Image credit: © UNOCHA/Matteo Minasi

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