NAIROBI (INPS | GIN) - A unique urban forest, beloved by Nobel Laureate and founder of the Green Belt Movement (GBM), Wangari Maathai, is reportedly in the sights of a hotel developer.

“Wangari is dead but not resting in peace,” said Kenyan Chief Justice Willy Mutunga, adding: “The proposed hotel in Karura Forest must be disturbing her spirit.”

According to Maathai’s Green Belt group, Ibis Hospitality Ltd, Nairobi-based, is hoping to build a five-star hotel on a 25-acre piece of forest. A spokesman for the group denies the group’s claim.

- Photo: 2020

Embedded in Beirut: A Communion with Ancestors

Recollections by a Nigerian journalist who toured Lebanon two years ago

By Louis Odion

*The writer, Fellow of Nigerian Guild of Editors, is the Senior Technical Assistant on Media to President Muhammadu Buhari.

ABUJA (IDN) – Many wished they were allowed to capture the moment with the camera, but the literary amazon from Borno beheld a different picture in the officially restricted space. She saw politics in the classification of the Jeita Grotto as the “world’s 15th wonder” and not within the first 10.

“I’ve seen two or three other heritage sites around the world rated higher, but honestly, I don’t think anyone of them compares to what I just saw here,” said Mrs. Razinatu Mohammed, a Professor of Comparative Literature at the University of Maiduguri, inside the bus taking us back to the Notre Dame University, Beirut that Saturday evening.

Dateline: September 1, 2018.

The memory of that encounter flooded my mind following the tragic news of July 4 catastrophic explosion at Beirut port that left hundreds dead and hundreds of thousands homeless.

It fills one with a sense of nostalgia of what was once the idyllic capital of a country whose history stretches back to antiquity and keeps one wondering what lies ahead. 
The excursion to the iconic Jeita Grotto happened on the first day of exploration by the visiting Nigerian mission in Lebanon.

Beyond the prejudice of global politics, there is no denying the awesomeness of the treasure nature has gifted Lebanon, nor the illustrious memories it preserves. 

It was impossible to feel the eerie chill of the Jeita Grotto, ascend the dizzying cedars, sample the exotic cuisine, stand in the shadow of the 12th-century Crusaders fortress or the countless cenotaphs that dot Beirut and not be immediately overwhelmed by something far more transcendental – half excitement, half sobriety from a consciousness of walking the same path trodden by many ancient deities, the giants of history.

If we consider each cenotaph a paragraph, then we can only imagine how really colossal the book of Beirut is. Over the ages, sadly, however, that giant tome has in part been distorted by either the footprint or fingerprint of slave-raiders, holy warriors, colonial bullies and, lately, neo-colonial interlopers.

But arriving in Beirut that fateful day in 2018, the nation you still encountered was a resilient one indeed; one which, though stretched by the continuing carnage in neighbouring Syria, had simply refused to be broken by the cumulative ravages of history on a rocky homeland.

The Nigerian team – drawn from the academia, the media and the culture industry – had landed Lebanon for the 2018 edition of what has become perhaps the most vigorous Nigerian-Lebanese conversation ever, to share national experiences with a view to forging better understanding across continents. The venue was the Norte Dame University and the organisation was in coordination with the Cedars Institute (CI) and Wole Soyinka Foundation (WSF).

This writer was privileged to be nominated.

On a lighter note, as we soon uncovered, if nothing at all, Nigeria and Lebanon certainly suffered one similar social affliction – epileptic power supply.

In Nigeria, the old stereotype is to profile the Lebanese mostly in the negative. Rightly or wrongly, a good number of their businessmen are perceived more as willing collaborators of unscrupulous power and business elite in laundering offshore illicit funds. In a left-hand homage, no doubt, to its banking system that is quite liberal.

Of course, that is not to deny that there are good ones engaged in legitimate businesses and whose honest toil continues to water invaluably their host communities.
Apparently, it is such positivity that the CI/WSF initiative seeks to sustain.

This rather deep conversation between Nigeria and Lebanon actually began in 2014. Interestingly, it started under circumstances more funereal than fortuitous. In an extraordinary show of solidarity, a year earlier, the academic community in Lebanon had opened condolence register and hosted a vigil following the demise of Chinua Achebe, the “patriarch of modern African literature”.

As the first anniversary approached in 2014, the brainchild of the Beirut memorial got talking with our own Nobel laureate, Professor Wole Soyinka, who, without hesitation, put his formidable weight behind the idea.

Thus, commenced the exchange between the “Giant of Africa” and the “Pearl of West Asia”.

For more intensity obviously, the eleven-day encounter, usually initiated daily with stimulating talk by designated Lebanese scholar, was not restricted to lecture hall but also spiced with a physical tour of many historic sites and monuments.

Within three days, we had visited Byblous where the iconic Saint John Mark temple stands on the same soil the early apostles of the New Testament trod while spreading the gospel after Jesus Christ.

Not too far away is the almost 900-year-old Crusader fortress, the clearinghouse of the ancient holy warriors who belched fire while enforcing Christianity. In its somewhat sepulchral magnificence, it overlooks the Mediterranean Sea.

Not forgetting the much-romanticized Cedar height, shrine to the sacred shrubs rooted in the Christian Bible. So much that Lebanon is forever celebrated thus in Psalm 92:12: “The righteousness flourishes like the palm tree and grow like the cedar in Lebanon”.

Little wonder then that in post-Independence Lebanon, the tree is easily accorded the status of a cultural totem. It features in her national flag, currency and postage stamp. 

In ancient civilizations, that Cedar was so venerated could only be an acknowledgement of its extraordinariness. Some of the species found in Lebanon today are said to be over 2,500-year-old. Often reserved for making the doors to sacred places and burned as incense in cleansing rites.

During a tour of Cedar, we would learn, with pride, that the one of “patriarch” (large) Cedar tree in the fabled grove (already designated as world heritage site by UNESCO) had been named after Soyinka. It is located at the spot where the literary lion had retreated once while on a physical tour. The snow had become too ferocious for the octogenarian.

Looking forward, from the inquiries and expositions thus far, there was no doubt that there were secrets the African giant and the Pearl by the West Asia could exchange for mutual benefits.

Nigeria will do better by learning how to commoditize culture the Lebanese way. While Lebanon has to weaponize her diversities the way Nigeria has, even if still wobbly.

Besides remittance from her citizens in Diaspora, Lebanon is shrewd enough to convert her bevy of historic sites and monuments to cash cow in tourism. But Lebanon’s roughly 10,000 square kilometres landmass is comparatively only a drop of Nigeria’s ocean of almost 1m square kilometres.

The fortune awaiting Nigeria can then be imagined if the cultural potential of her monster landscape and over 250 ethnic nationalities is fully exploited.

But whereas Nigeria could be said to have made significant progress in terms of integration in some areas, Lebanon remains largely haunted by centrifugal forces – ethnic, sectarian, social and political. Pulled in different directions over the ages by priests of numerous faiths; used and passed over by different colonial powers (Ottoman, French and British) with disparate cultures in rapid succession within a century have left the country with an identity that is sometimes difficult to place, rendering the quest for true national integration illusory.

So, despite inhabiting the same space for ages, brothers and sisters still deeply suspect one another. It perhaps explains Lebanon’s inability to conduct census since 1932! The present figure of 5 million population is largely speculative. The only dimension everyone is sure of is that there are more Lebanese in Diaspora than those at home.

Today, religion still provides the template for power-sharing: office of President is reserved for the Maronite Catholic; Prime Minister is for Sunni sect of Islam and the Speaker of the parliament has to be Shiite. The implication: the first looks up to Christian interest for inspiration, the second depends on Saudi Arabia for direction and the third relies on Iran for confidence.

So, generally speaking, politics is still played, and economic opportunities skewed brazenly in the name of the tribe.

The enduring challenge before Lebanon is, therefore, to produce a leader with a cross-appeal for once to unite the fractured nation behind a common purpose. [IDN-InDepthNews – 06 August 2020]

Photo: “The Guardian of Time”, a sculpture by Lebanese artist Tony Farah outside the lower cave at Jeita. CC BY-SA 3.0

IDN is the Flagship Agency of the Non-profit International Press Syndicate.

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