By Alyn Ware

Alyn Ware, Global Coordinator of Parliamentarians for Nuclear Nonproliferation and Disarmament (PNND), examines how to use the ban treaty to impact on the policies and practices of the nuclear-armed States and their nuclear allies.

NEW YORK (IDN) - When the gavel came down at the United Nations on July 7 to confirm the adoption of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, a cheer arose amongst the negotiating countries and civil society observers. 122 countries had voted in favour of the treaty, demonstrating a clear and unequivocal acceptance of the majority of UN members never to use, threaten to use, produce, possess, acquire, transfer, test or deploy nuclear weapons.

- Photo: 2021

A Climate Awakening Is Urgently Needed to Save The World’s Most Vulnerable

Viewpoint by Georges Rebelo Pinto Chikoti

The writer is Secretary-General of the Organisation of African, Caribbean and Pacific States (OACPS).

BRUSSELS (IDN) — Time is fast running out for millions of peoples living in situations of high risk where lives, livelihoods and a safe, secure place to live are all at stake.

Extreme climate and weather-related devastation is occurring at unprecedented scales, frequencies and intensities. We need only to look at the headlines of recent months to see the onslaught of drought, wildfires, hurricanes, torrential rains and floods right across the Blue Planet—North; South; East; West.

The latest Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Report[1], published on 6 August, confirms that global warming will rise from 1.5 °C to 2 °C by the middle of the 21st Century, unless immediate, profound, large-scale and sustained measures are taken to reduce CO2, methane, and other greenhouse gas emissions.

The report also provides evidence of how human influence and activities have warmed the Earth’s atmosphere, oceans and lands. And how, sadly, those who are currently most affected and vulnerable to future climate shocks are the people who have contributed the least to the global climate emergency.

For the 79 members of the Organisation of African, Caribbean and Pacific States (OACPS), which include the lion’s share of the World’s Small Island Developing States (SIDS); Least Developed Countries (LDCs) and Land-Locked Countries (LLDCs), the rising temperatures and the impacts of climate change are higher and more significant than the global average.

Yet the level of their greenhouse gas emissions remains negligible. OACPS economies and livelihoods, and peoples and ecosystems health and wellbeing are becoming even more severely affected. For example, a four-year long drought in Madagascar, the worse in forty years, threatens tens of thousands of people with famine. And in Haiti, heavy flash floods in August further compounded the misery of a population already struggling to recover from the devastating impacts of an earthquake which struck just days before the floods. These exemplify how the poorest and least protected of the world’s population are at the frontline and how they are the ones bearing the full brunt of the climate crisis.

The UNICEF Report ‘The Climate Crisis is a Child Rights Crisis’[2], also released in August 2021, further demonstrates increasing vulnerabilities. It highlights how almost half of the world’s 2.2 billion children are already at ‘extremely high risk’ from the impacts of the climate crisis and pollution. I concur with UNICEF’s Executive Director, Ms Henrietta Fore who said that this is an “unimaginably dire situation”. It is a situation that must be urgently addresses if we are to have any chance of achieving the future we want for ourselves, our children and their children.

With the 26th United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Conference of the Parties (COP26) convening on 1st November 2021, the 79 member States and six regions and UNFCCC climate negotiators of the OACPS are collaborating with and calling upon like-minded Partners to join their efforts to ensure COP26 delivers on the most pressing issues for developing, vulnerable countries. All 79 member countries of the OACPS are vulnerable countries.

In this regard, it is worth underscoring the view of Ambassador Tosi Mpanu-Mpanu, Chair of the UNFCCC Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA), who has pointed out that “Despite several challenges and uncertainties due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the UK Presidency and the Chairs of the subsidiary bodies are working closely and at pace to ensure the readiness of Parties to effectively engage in advancing ongoing work, and finalising outstanding issues of the Paris Agreement rulebook.”

With just over one month to go until COP26 convenes the SBSTA Co-Chairs’ efforts to convene informal technical expert events on various topics of priority and import, to prepare for a successful COP in Glasgow that delivers must be commended. It is my view that all Parties should actively engage in the informal events to prepare and be ready for Glasgow. I have heard Ambassador Mpanu Mpanu’s plea that “Time is running out, and the world can no longer afford to delay any decision. We must bring the climate process back on track and to take climate action and ambition forward.” I hope that you will also hear his impassioned call.

On behalf of the OACPS I call upon and urge all Parties to commit to further strengthening their greenhouse gas emissions reduction targets in the next round of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). I also call on all Parties to increase climate ambitions and adaptation actions (giving them the same weight as mitigation), scaling up technical and financial support to least developed and most vulnerable countries, including capacity building, technology transfer and provisions to loss and damage linked to the adverse effects of climate change.

COP26 will be decisive in determining how to expand climate finance beyond the current commitment to mobilise at least US$100 billion in climate finance in the post-2020 period and beyond. As we all grapple with the climate crisis we know that additional, predictable, easily accessible, and clearly defined financial resources needs to be made available to support climate adaptation and resilience building initiatives of the most vulnerable countries, which include all members of the OACPS.

Following through on long-term commitments

According to the recent IPCC Report, limiting future climate change requires limiting cumulative CO2 emissions, achieving at least zero net emissions and strong, rapid and sustained reductions in CH4 emissions, which would also decrease the warming effect and aerosol pollution to improve air quality.

While the challenge is huge, it is not insurmountable But we must act now and we have to act together. It  will require a whole, systemic transformation from local action to global coordination. Our global commitment and momentum to accelerate climate change adaptation and mitigation actions will be crucial. We need to be more expansive in our outlook and exploration, including embracing ecosystem-based approaches to tackle the global challenges of environmental degradation, and the biodiversity and climate change crises. We need to think and act in an integrated and more connected way.

Members of the OACPS realise that clear risk-informed methodologies to translate global goals on adaptation and mitigation into national strategies and plans, complemented by adequate finance, capacity building, and technological support is required.

We the OACPS, a 79 Members strong international organisation of developing, vulnerable countries spanning the African, Caribbean and the Pacific continents and sea of islands are counting on the strong leadership from developed countries at COP26, to provide clarity, reliability, and predictability on how they will fulfil their long-term commitments to mobilise at least US$100 billion in climate finance in the post-2020 period and beyond, as well as mechanisms to coherently access and channel those funds.  We also welcome the launch of the deliberations on the new, collective quantified goal (post-2025). [IDN-InDepthNews — 26 September 2021]

Photo: OACPS Secretary General Georges Rebelo Pinto Chikoti. Credit: OACPS

IDN is the flagship agency of the Non-profit International Press Syndicate.

Visit us on Facebook and Twitter.

We believe in the free flow of information. Republish our articles for free, online or in print, under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International, except for articles that are republished with permission.

[1] IPCC, 2021: Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Masson-Delmotte, V., P. Zhai, A. Pirani, S. L. Connors, C. Péan, S. Berger, N. Caud, Y. Chen, L. Goldfarb, M. I. Gomis, M. Huang, K. Leitzell, E. Lonnoy, J. B. R. Matthews, T. K. Maycock, T. Waterfield, O. Yelekçi, R. Yu and B. Zhou (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press. In Press.

[2] The Climate Crisis is a Child Rights Crisis: Introducing the Children’s Climate Risk Index. New York: United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), 2021.

Related Posts

Begin typing your search term above and press enter to search. Press ESC to cancel.

Back To Top